Se necesita una distinción más sutil para definir las medidas de fiscalización de drogas adecuadas, dependiendo de las características concretas de las sustancias, sus riesgos sanitarios, las dinámicas de sus mercados y sus grupos de consumidores. Las listas de clasificación anexas a las convenciones de la ONU de 1961 y 1971 no ofrecen una diferenciación suficiente para facilitar intervenciones más focalizadas. Catalogar en una misma lista sustancias tan distintas como la coca, la cocaína, el cannabis, el opio y la heroína, ha obstaculizado el desarrollo de respuestas más concretas y eficaces que tengan en cuenta sus diferentes características y los motivos por los que se consumen.

  • Drug harms in the UK

    A multicriteria decision analysis
    David J Nutt, Leslie A King, Lawrence D Phillips, on behalf of the Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs
    The Lancet
    November 1, 2010

    To provide better guidance to policy makers in health, policing, and social care, the harms that drugs cause need to be properly assessed. This task is not easy because of the wide range of ways in which drugs can cause harm. This study undertook a review of drug harms with the multicriteria decision analysis (MCDA) approach. This technology has been used successfully to lend support to decision makers facing complex issues characterised by many, conflicting objectives.

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  • Politics and science in classifying the dangers of drugs

    Robin Room & Dan I. Lubman
    Evidence Based Mental Health
    November 2010

    There is a long history of psychoactive substances being regarded as dangerous and subsequently being banned or forbidden. Often the bans were introduced on substances new and unfamiliar to a society, which were viewed as more dangerous than substances which were well known and enculturated. With industrialisation and the globalisation brought by European empires, the growing availability of psychoactive substances was increasingly seen as a problem in the 1800s, setting off social and policy reactions – what we know as the temperance movement against alcohol,
    and initial UK legislation limiting the sale of ‘poisons’.

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  • Orientaciones para el examen por la OMS de sustancias psicoactivas en el contexto de la fiscalización internacional

    Organización Mundila de la Salud EB126/21
    17 de diciembre de 2009

    Tanto en la Convención Única sobre Estupefacientes, de 1961, como en el Convenio sobre Sustancias Sicotrópicas, de 1971, se encomienda al del Comité de Expertos en Farmacodependencia de la Organización Mundila de la Salud (OMS) la función de evaluar sustancias para determinar su posible uso indebido a fin de formular recomendaciones sobre su fiscalización en el marco de esos tratados de las Naciones Unidas.

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  • TNI Expert Seminar on the Classification of Controlled Substances

    Transnational Institute
    Amsterdam
    December 10, 2009

    The classification of drugs has a profound impact on the lives and well-being of individuals across the world and where the classification is incorrect, people suffer unnecessarily. This is an issue that deserves greater public awareness and greater engagement with citizenry and that where such public awareness is in place it should be galvanised in order to work towards a new democratic answer to this difficult situation.

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